Bodh Gaya is located at Gaya district in Bihar. The place is considered immensely sacred since Gautam Buddha attained nirvana (enlightenment) here. Bodh Gaya is also one of the four most important pilgrims of Buddhism. The other three are Sarnath, Lumbini and Kushinagar. The UNESCO has also recognised Bodh Gaya as a World Heritage site.
Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is located at a distance of 96 kilometers from Bihar’s capital, Patna. The temple adores holy Bodhi tree. The holy tree present here is an sapling of the original Bodhi tree at Sri Lanka. Esteemed emperor, Ashoka is the founder of this temple, which has an elongated spire crowned by a miniature stupa.
According to the literature related to Buddhism, Gautam Siddharth who was then wandering as an ascetic sat on the banks of Falgu River beneath a Bodhi tree.
After three nights and three days of medication, Siddharth attained enlightenment and insight. He then spent seven weeks for meditation at seven different spots under the vicinity. Later he went to Sri Lanka to teach Buddhism.